This guide will follow through the process of creating an account in Polkadot using Ledger hardware wallet and staking using a controller account. If you have more than 50,000 DOT contact us to find out about our special staking conditions.
To continue with Kusama switch the network and follow the same steps as for Polkadot.
Download Ledger Live on your device and connect your hardware wallet. Make sure that Ledger firmware is up to date. Install the Polkadot/Kusama application.
2. Go to the Accounts tab and press Add Ledger button to create an account
3. On your Ledger wallet, navigate to the Polkadot/Kusama app that you downloaded in Step 1 and select it by pressing two buttons on your Ledger. Go back to the screen on your device and click Save.
4. You will be asked to confirm the connection of your Ledger via web interface. Select it in a dialog window and press Connect.
We will continue with a single account but if there are multiple ones the following process should be repeated for each of them.
Left-click on the icon to copy the address and send DOT tokens to it.
2. Bond the amount you wish to stake. Leave at least 2-3 DOT unbonded to cover future transaction fees. In the dropdown menu you can specify the desired way of receiving rewards on your stash. (Auto re-staking or auto unbonding, to become transferable in 28 days after payout was triggered)
We make payouts every day or three so you won’t need to pay a tx fee by yourself.
3. Press Sign and Submit, then confirm the transaction on your Ledger device
If the hardware wallet becomes disconnected, re-enter the Polkadot application and continue making actions on the PolkadotJS screen. You will be asked to connect Ledger via web interface as in step 5, after that continue with the step where the connection was lost.
4. After successful bonding your stash appears in the Account Actions tab. We recommend assigning a controller account. It is a separate account that you should fund with 2-3 DOT and connect with your primary one to perform staking related operations on behalf of your stash, like triggering payout or nominating a validator. Controller has no access to the funds on the stash.
2. In the left drop-down menu select staking
3. In the right drop-down menu select setController
4. In the last drop-down menu paste the controller address you wish to assign. Every stash should have a separate controller.
Press Submit Transaction
5. In the opened window click Sign and Submit, then confirm the action with your Ledger wallet
6. Go to Network -> Staking -> Account Actions to check the updated information. In the Controller column you will see the recently added controller address instead of the stash.
2. In the opened window select up to 16 validators you wish to stake with. If you would like to nominate P2P go to https://p2p.org/polkadot and select validators from there. We update the list on a regular basis.
3. Chosen validators will appear in the right column. Press Nominate.
4. You will be asked to confirm the transaction with your Controller account. Click Sign and Submit.
5. In the top right corner you should see that transaction is confirmed. Your screen should be updated and current nominations should appear in the Account Actions tab. From here you will be able to manage your staking in future.
Staking will begin from the next era or two (24 - 48 hours). You will be able to track nominations from Staking -> Account Actions. At least one nomination should become active thus your stake is working in full and generating rewards.
P2P Validator is a world-leading non-custodial staking provider securing more than $100 million by over 2000 delegators/nominators across 15+ top-notch networks. We have been presented in all Polkadot testnets and have been actively participating on Kusama network since the beginning. P2P Validator invested its own funds in Polkadot in 2017 and intends to support the network in the long term.
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<p>NuCypher is a decentralized secret management network where a group of nodes (workers) perform proxy re-encryption to manage permissions on encrypted data instead of a centralized server. It allows safe data exchange without ability for proxies to learn the plain text info. Correctness of worker behavior is guaranteed by staking and cryptographic proofs. Additional token emission incentivizes node operators to maintain high availability infrastructure and in the case of network rules violation a portion of their holdings will be slashed.</p><h3 id="current-state-and-market-potential"><strong>Current state and market potential</strong></h3><p>NuCypher mainnet successfully launched on 15th October 2020 allowing token holders to stake their NU.</p><p>Privacy of sensitive data is a vexed problem and services provided by NuCypher project are attractive and valuable not only in crypto space. The highest growth of<a href="https://www.statista.com/statistics/798564/number-of-us-residents-affected-by-data-breaches/"> data breaches in USA</a> was in the healthcare sector demonstrating 80% increase from 2017 to 2019 including the transmission of confidential data without proper encryption.</p><p>Enterprises also are seeking ways to avoid data leaks and securely manage and share sensitive data.<a href="https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/key-management-service-market-8188"> The Global Key Management as a Service Market</a> market size is expected to grow from $363 million in 2018 to $1,28 billion by 2023 and is estimated to reach $2,29 billion by 2025 during the period 2019–2025.</p><h3 id="token-allocation"><strong>Token allocation</strong></h3><p>NuCypher raised $750k in 2016 ; $4.3 million in 2017 and $10,7 million in 2018. The overall token allocation showed in a diagram below.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/2020/10/image-2.png" class="kg-image" alt srcset="https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/size/w600/2020/10/image-2.png 600w, https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/size/w1000/2020/10/image-2.png 1000w, https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/2020/10/image-2.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><h3 id="staking-economics"><strong>Staking economics</strong></h3><p>In order to participate in the network as a worker and perform re-encryption, node operators have to lock NU tokens. At the start rewards from providing re-encryptions might be low so until the project gets traction, node operators will be incentivized mostly by emission of new tokens. <strong>Holders can delegate their funds and earn a share of rewards in proportion to their stake.</strong></p><p><strong>Compensation is higher when tokens are locked for a longer period.</strong> To get maximum compensation stakers have to lock their funds for at least a year to be allowed to accept policies with longer terms. Shorter commitment will result in lower rewards for participants and they will not be allowed to provide re-encryption if the length of a particular policy is higher than chosen lock-up period. <strong>Staking since the beginning of mainnet with compounding of rewards also will result in higher returns.</strong> The whole stake can be split into sub-stakes where each will have its own lock-up period.</p><p>In existing representation only one staker can delegate to a worker in near future, staker can be a smart contract that accepts delegations from various addresses. We believe in future adoption of NuCypher and will provide the long term staking maximizing staking rewards.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/2020/10/table-14.png" class="kg-image" alt srcset="https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/size/w600/2020/10/table-14.png 600w, https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/size/w1000/2020/10/table-14.png 1000w, https://economy.p2p.org/content/images/2020/10/table-14.png 1368w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><h3 id="native-token"><strong>Native token</strong></h3><p>NuCypher token NU is ERC20 token the main purpose of which is to act as a staking token in the network with limited liquidity and low volatility. Amount of provided re-encryptions will be proportional to stake which is guaranteed to be locked at the end time of the policy. Node operators with higher stake presuming higher loss in case of bad behavior and ability to accept policies with longer terms.</p><p>NuCypher based on Ethereum blockchain means that users should have ETH on the worker node’s address to pay tx fees. Workers also share service fees paid by end users in ETH for providing re-encryptions.</p><p>Over 350 000 ETH were locked in the smart contract by participants to take part in<a href="https://blog.nucypher.com/the-worklock/"> WorkLock token distribution model</a> proposed by NuCypher team.</p><h3 id="slashing-risks"><strong>Slashing risks</strong></h3><p>There are two potential slashing conditions:</p><ul><li>Providing incorrect responses</li><li>Continuous downtime</li></ul><p>At network genesis, the protocol will be able to detect and attribute instances of incorrect re-encryptions. If there are many sub-stakes and misbehavior occurs, unlocked tokens which do not participate in staking will be slashed in the first place and then ascending sub-stakes with lower lock-ups.</p><p>A false re-encryption is not like a double-sign. Correctness of a re-encryption can be proved via a zero-knowledge proof. If users receive incorrect re-encryption, they can provide this proof to the network, which will result in the node getting slashed. <strong>For each violation, 2×10−18 NU tokens will be deleted from the offender’s stake</strong>. <br><br>In the future, slashing parameters can be changed by the Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) that is managed by NU stakeholders who operate nodes. It makes NuCypher a community driven project from the very beginning.</p><p>At network launch slashing for worker unavailability is turned off until it will be enabled by the DAO if needed. <strong>Stakers will not receive inflation rewards for any period the node is offline</strong>. A worker that doesn't timely apply updates and constantly experiencing downtime will also miss rewards.</p><h3 id="about-p2p-validator">About P2P Validator</h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading non-custodial staking provider securing more than $200 million by over 2000 delegators across 15+ top-notch networks. Our team has close connections with NuCypher and we have participated in the incentivized testnet since the beginning. P2P Validator invested its own funds in NuCypher project in 2017 and intends to support the network in the long term.</p><h3 id="useful-nucypher-resources"><strong>Useful NuCypher resources</strong></h3><ul><li>Website:<a href="https://www.nucypher.com/"> https://www.nucypher.com/</a></li><li>Github:<a href="https://github.com/nucypher/"> https://github.com/nucypher/</a></li><li>Docs:<a href="https://docs.nucypher.com/en/latest/"> https://docs.nucypher.com/en/latest/</a></li><li>Whitepaper Technical:<a href="https://github.com/nucypher/whitepaper/blob/master/whitepaper.pdf"> https://github.com/nucypher/whitepaper/blob/master/whitepaper.pdf</a></li><li>Blog:<a href="https://blog.nucypher.com/"> https://blog.nucypher.com/</a></li></ul><hr><p><em>Want to stake NU with us? Alexey will be happy to help. Contact [email protected] to get personal assistance.</em></p><hr><ul><li><strong>Stake NU with us:</strong> <a href="https://p2p.org/nucypher">https://p2p.org/nucypher</a></li><li><strong>Web:</strong><a href="https://p2p.org"> https://p2p.org</a></li><li><strong>Twitter:</strong><a href="https://twitter.com/p2pvalidator"> @p2pvalidator</a></li><li><strong>Telegram:</strong><a href="https://t.me/p2pvalidator"> https://t.me/p2pvalidator</a></li></ul>
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